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Current Issue of Trends Ecology Evolution


Issue: Trends in Ecology & Evolution

Jan 01, 2022

Volume 37Issue 1p1-108, e1-e2
Population declines have been greater among migratory species. On pages 30–41, Vojtěch Kubelka and colleagues hypothesise that this could be because climate change and human pressure are reducing the benefits of migration to northern breeding grounds. Climate change has caused phenological mismatches that reduce food availability, pathogens are spreading north and predation has increased. Pictured is the Eurasian Dotterel (Charadrius morinellus), which breeds in the Arctic tundra and the mountains of Europe, and overwinters across north Africa. Photo: Vojtěch Kubelka....
Population declines have been greater among migratory species. On pages 30–41, Vojtěch Kubelka and colleagues hypothesise that this could be because climate change and human pressure are reducing the benefits of migration to northern breeding grounds. Climate change has caused phenological mismatches that reduce food availability, pathogens are spreading north and predation has increased. Pictured is the Eurasian Dotterel (Charadrius morinellus), which breeds in the Arctic tundra and the mountains of Europe, and overwinters across north Africa. Photo: Vojtěch Kubelka.

Scientific Life

  • Diversity, equity, and inclusion in academia to guide society

    • Akira S. Mori
    Many barriers exist in academia. Shedding light on scholars from marginalized groups is important for scientific publishing and policy–science dialogs to ensure equity, beyond merely aiming to increase the numbers to achieve equality. Achieving diversity, inclusiveness, and equality in academia is not the goal, but an essential means of realizing a sustainable future.

Science & Society

  • Maintaining Antarctica’s isolation from non-native species

    • Dana M. Bergstrom
    Antarctica’s isolation has been breached by various non-native species, including microbes, a grass, and some invertebrates. As yet, no marine species have reportedly established populations. With increasing effects of climate change and human activity, continued concerted action is needed to keep Antarctica protected from the impacts of non-native species establishment.

Book Review

  • Trait-based research across taxa made easier

    • Caterina Penone
    Traits are a rare common currency in ecology and evolution, which allow us to compare patterns and processes across taxa, regions, and time. They have the potential to link the responses of organisms to ecological drivers with their effects on ecosystem functioning; and in the context of global change, to measure the health of ecosystems [1]. Traits are used in a wide array of fields, including biogeography, evolution, or community ecology, and this provides great potential to using traits to unify or improve ecological models and theories.

Letters

  • Response to Ding et al.: Carboxylate exudation promotes C sequestration in dryland ecosystems

    • Hongtao Zhong,
    • Jun Zhou
    Plant nutrient acquisition and use strategies, particularly of phosphorus (P), play an important role in ecosystem functioning, including nutrient cycling. In a recent opinion article in Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Ding and colleagues [1] provided a new approach to investigate interactions between soil carbon (C), nitrogen, and P cycling, especially in the context of global change. They highlighted that plant P-acquisition strategies involving carboxylate exudation (with or without specialised cluster-root formation) can destabilise Fe/Al-associated organic matter, liberate the bound organic matter (OM), and potentially promote soil organic carbon (SOC) mineralisation due to SOC becoming more accessible to soil microorganisms.
  • Response to Zhong and Zhou: P-acquisition strategies and total soil C sequestration

    • Wenli Ding,
    • Wen-Feng Cong,
    • Hans Lambers
    We greatly appreciate the letter by Zhong and Zhou [1] who suggested that plant carboxylate-releasing phosphorus (P)-acquisition strategies promote soil carbon (C) sequestration in dryland alkaline soils through increasing the formation of pedogenic carbonate [i.e., sequestration of soil inorganic C (SIC)]. We suggested that carboxylates released under P-limited conditions may destabilise Fe/Al-associated organic matter, making soil organic C (SOC) accessible to microorganisms, and promote SOC mineralisation [2].
  • Response to Schradin (2021): Egoism alone does not explain climate inaction

    • Claudia Menzel,
    • Laura S. Loy,
    • Gerhard Reese,
    • Julia Schnepf
    We discuss the conclusions by Carsten Schradin [1]. An evolutionary perspective on climate change mitigation (CCM) and its absence has merit. We agree that evolutionary adaptations – including egoism – can be barriers for effective CCM, but we disagree that humans are generally too egoistic for it. We believe that the author has understated human cooperativeness and disregarded relevant research from environmental psychology. While acknowledging evolutionary forces, environmental psychology research draws a more complex picture of human (in)action.
  • What is needed to overcome egoism?

    • Carsten Schradin
    For decades, behavioral ecology has fought the misunderstanding that explanations are justifications [1]. Behavioral ecology can explain aggression and violence between the sexes, why animals cheat in social interactions, show infanticide, kill adult con-specifics, and how this can increase individual fitness [2]. The same approach has been used to explain such behaviors in humans, which can help us to understand why and when these behaviors are shown, possibly helping us to prevent them [3]. As such, I fully agree with the statement of Menzel et al.

Opinions

  • Predicting responses to marine heatwaves using functional traits

    • Ben P. Harvey,
    • Katie E. Marshall,
    • Christopher D.G. Harley,
    • Bayden D. Russell
    Marine heatwaves (MHWs), discrete but prolonged periods of anomalously warm seawater, can fundamentally restructure marine communities and ecosystems. Although our understanding of these events has improved in recent years, key knowledge gaps hinder our ability to predict how MHWs will affect patterns of biodiversity. Here, we outline a functional trait approach that enables a better understanding of which species and communities will be most vulnerable to MHWs, and how the distribution of species and composition of communities are likely to shift through time.
  • Animal migration to northern latitudes: environmental changes and increasing threats

    • Vojtěch Kubelka,
    • Brett K. Sandercock,
    • Tamás Székely,
    • Robert P. Freckleton
    Every year, many wild animals undertake long-distance migration to breed in the north, taking advantage of seasonally high pulses in food supply, fewer parasites, and lower predation pressure in comparison with equatorial latitudes. Growing evidence suggests that climate-change-induced phenological mismatches have reduced food availability. Furthermore, novel pathogens and parasites are spreading northwards, and nest or offspring predation has increased at many Arctic and northern temperate locations.
  • Quantitative conservation geography

    • Enrico Di Minin,
    • Ricardo A. Correia,
    • Tuuli Toivonen
    Open Access
    Ongoing biodiversity loss represents the erosion of intrinsic value of living nature, reduces the contributions nature provides to people, and undermines efforts to move towards sustainability. We propose the recognition of quantitative conservation geography as a subfield of conservation science that studies where, when, and what conservation actions could be implemented in order to mitigate threats and promote sustainable people–nature interactions. We outline relevant methods and data needed in quantitative conservation geography.

Reviews

  • Linguistic laws in biology

    • Stuart Semple,
    • Ramon Ferrer-i-Cancho,
    • Morgan L. Gustison
    Linguistic laws, the common statistical patterns of human language, have been investigated by quantitative linguists for nearly a century. Recently, biologists from a range of disciplines have started to explore the prevalence of these laws beyond language, finding patterns consistent with linguistic laws across multiple levels of biological organisation, from molecular (genomes, genes, and proteins) to organismal (animal behaviour) to ecological (populations and ecosystems). We propose a new conceptual framework for the study of linguistic laws in biology, comprising and integrating distinct levels of analysis, from description to prediction to theory building.
  • Contribution of single-cell omics to microbial ecology

    • S. Mauger,
    • C. Monard,
    • C. Thion,
    • P. Vandenkoornhuyse
    Micro-organisms play key roles in various ecosystems, but many of their functions and interactions remain undefined. To investigate the ecological relevance of microbial communities, new molecular tools are being developed. Among them, single-cell omics assessing genetic diversity at the population and community levels and linking each individual cell to its functions is gaining interest in microbial ecology. By giving access to a wider range of ecological scales (from individual to community) than culture-based approaches and meta-omics, single-cell omics can contribute not only to micro-organisms’ genomic and functional identification but also to the testing of concepts in ecology.
  • Global trends in aquatic animal tracking with acoustic telemetry

    • Jordan K. Matley,
    • Natalie V. Klinard,
    • Ana P. Barbosa Martins,
    • Kim Aarestrup,
    • Eneko Aspillaga,
    • Steven J. Cooke,
    • Paul D. Cowley,
    • Michelle R. Heupel,
    • Christopher G. Lowe,
    • Susan K. Lowerre-Barbieri,
    • Hiromichi Mitamura,
    • Jean-Sébastien Moore,
    • Colin A. Simpfendorfer,
    • Michael J.W. Stokesbury,
    • Matthew D. Taylor,
    • Eva B. Thorstad,
    • Christopher S. Vandergoot,
    • Aaron T. Fisk
    Open Access
    Acoustic telemetry (AT) is a rapidly evolving technique used to track the movements of aquatic animals. As the capacity of AT research expands it is important to optimize its relevance to management while still pursuing key ecological questions. A global review of AT literature revealed region-specific research priorities underscoring the breadth of how AT is applied, but collectively demonstrated a lack of management-driven objectives, particularly relating to fisheries, climate change, and protection of species.
  • A horizon scan of global biological conservation issues for 2022

    • William J. Sutherland,
    • Philip W. Atkinson,
    • Stuart H.M. Butchart,
    • Marcela Capaja,
    • Lynn V. Dicks,
    • Erica Fleishman,
    • Kevin J. Gaston,
    • Rosemary S. Hails,
    • Alice C. Hughes,
    • Becky Le Anstey,
    • Xavier Le Roux,
    • Fiona A. Lickorish,
    • Luke Maggs,
    • Noor Noor,
    • Thomasina E.E. Oldfield,
    • James E. Palardy,
    • Lloyd S. Peck,
    • Nathalie Pettorelli,
    • Jules Pretty,
    • Mark D. Spalding,
    • Femke H. Tonneijck,
    • Gemma Truelove,
    • James E.M. Watson,
    • Jonathan Wentworth,
    • Jeremy D. Wilson,
    • Ann Thornton
    We present the results of our 13th annual horizon scan of issues likely to impact on biodiversity conservation. Issues are either novel within the biological conservation sector or could cause a substantial step-change in impact, either globally or regionally. Our global panel of 26 scientists and practitioners identified 15 issues that we believe to represent the highest priorities for tracking and action. Many of the issues we identified, including the impact of satellite megaconstellations and the use of long-distance wireless energy transfer, have both elements of threats and emerging opportunities.

Corrections

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Trends in Ecology & Evolution